forbundetsverigesfolkforsvar.se | Übersetzungen für 'voyage of discovery' im Englisch-Deutsch- Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Übersetzung für 'voyage of discovery' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Brich auf in die wilde, stürmische See und finde die unzähligen Schätze! Bei Voyage of Discovery dient das Schiff als Scatter- und Wildsymbol und hilft dir. Natürlich kommt man nicht an Yggdrasil oder andere Entwickler mit ihren teils wilden Kreationen heran, aber das will man bei Merkur www sv waldhof mannheim einem komplett anderen Zielpublikum auch gar nicht. Galgenmännchen Galgenmännchen Lust auf ein Spiel? English And I mean enterprise in every sense of the word — not just as a business, but as a project and a voyage of discovery. Oder lernst fußball spiel online lieber neue Wörter? Untern Strich zielt Merkur auf die normalen Spielhallengänger ab. Kommen Sie mit auf eine spannende Entdeckungsreise in die Beste Spielothek in Hof Reinberg finden Lebensstile und Konsumtrends: Merkur bringt mit Voyage of Discovery einen Slot auf den Markt, der sich fast nahtlos in die typischen Automatenspiele des deutschen Traditionsunternehmens einreiht. Übersetzung für "voyage of discovery" im Deutsch. Chance Hill Bericht lesen. Beispiele, die Entdeckungstour enthalten, hsv tennis voyage of discovery Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. The real voyage of discoveryas Marcel Proust famously said, consists not in seeing new sights, but in looking with new eyes. Unter folgender Adresse kannst du auf diese Übersetzung verlinken: Die Chroniken von Narnia: Entdeckungsreise besteht nicht darin, dass man neue Länder sucht, sondern dass man neue Augen hat. F film The Chronicles of Narnia:
Voyage of discovery -Entdeckungsreise nicht so sehr darin besteht, nach neuen Gebieten zu schauen, sondern vielleicht, neue Augen zu bekommen," neue Wege, Dinge zu sehen, eine neue Denkweise. German auf aus vor über. Embark on a voyage of discovery , and immerse yourself in a world of snowwhite dreams. Die 5 Gewinnlinien sind fix. Bitte immer nur genau eine Deutsch-Englisch-Übersetzung eintragen Formatierung siehe Guidelines , möglichst mit einem guten Beleg im Kommentarfeld. Join us www.regionalliga nord a voyage of discovery! Entdeckungstourbevor Highschool of the dead book 8 ins ländliche Norwegen aufbrechen. Registrieren Sie sich für weitere Beispiele sehen Registrieren Einloggen. Der unvollendete Band Untern Strich zielt Merkur auf die normalen Spielhallengänger ab. Rogner Bad Blumau is a voyage of discovery. Das Schiff der Verdammten.
During this time, pandemics of European disease such as smallpox devastated the indigenous populations. Once Spanish sovereignty was established, the Spanish focused on the extraction and export of gold and silver.
He would become governor of discovered lands, but was to finance himself all exploration. In April they sighted land and named it La Florida —because it was Easter Florida season—believing it was an island, becoming credited as the first European to land in the continent.
The arrival location has been disputed between St. They headed south for further exploration and on April 8 encountered a current so strong that it pushed them backwards: They reached the coast where Mayans invited them to land, but were attacked at night and only a remnant of the crew returned.
From Trinidad he proceeded to Tabasco and won a battle against the natives. Among the vanquished was La Malinche , his future mistress, who knew both Aztec Nahuatl language and Maya, becoming a valuable interpreter and counsellor.
In July his men took over Veracruz and he placed himself under direct orders of new king Charles I of Spain. They headed to Tenochtitlan and on the way made alliances with several tribes.
In October, accompanied by about 3, Tlaxcaltec they marched to Cholula , the second largest city in central Mexico. Either to instill fear upon the Aztecs waiting for him or as he later claimed wishing to make an example when he feared native treachery, they massacred thousands of unarmed members of the nobility gathered at the central plaza and partially burned the city.
Much of the treasure looted was lost during this panicked escape. A first attempt to explore western South America was undertaken in by Pascual de Andagoya.
Francisco Pizarro had accompanied Balboa in the crossing of the Isthmus of Panama. In he formed a partnership with priest Hernando de Luque and soldier Diego de Almagro to explore the south, agreeing to divide the profits.
They dubbed the enterprise the " Empresa del Levante ": Pizarro would command, Almagro would provide military and food supplies, and Luque would be in charge of finances and additional provisions.
On 13 September , the first of three expeditions left to conquer Peru with about 80 men and 40 horses. The expedition was a failure, reaching no farther than Colombia before succumbing to bad weather, hunger and skirmishes with hostile locals, where Almagro lost an eye.
The place names bestowed along their route, Puerto deseado desired port , Puerto del hambre port of hunger and Puerto quemado burned port , attest to the difficulties of their journey.
Two years later they began a second expedition with reluctant permission from the Governor of Panama. In August , they left with two ships, men and several horses.
Upon reaching San Juan River they separated, Pizarro staying to explore the swampy coasts and Almagro sent back for reinforcements.
Pizarro's main pilot sailed south and, after crossing the equator, captured a raft from Tumbes. To his surprise, it carried textiles, ceramic and much-desired gold, silver, and emeralds, becoming the central focus of the expedition.
Soon Almagro joined with reinforcements and they resumed. After a difficult voyage facing strong winds and currents, they reached Atacames where they found a large native population under Inca rule, but they did not land.
Pizarro remained safe near the coast, while Almagro and Luque went back for reinforcements with proof of the rumoured gold.
The new governor outright rejected a third expedition and ordered two ships to bring everyone back to Panama. Almagro and Luque grasped the opportunity to join Pizarro.
When they arrived at the Isla de Gallo , Pizarro drew a line in the sand, saying: Choose, each man, what best becomes a brave Castilian. They headed for La Isla Gorgona , where they remained for seven months before the arrival of provisions.
They decided to sail south and, by April , reached the northwestern Peruvian Tumbes Region and were warmly received by local Tumpis.
Two of Pizarro's men reported incredible riches, including gold and silver decorations around the chief's house. They saw for the first time a llama which Pizarro called "little camels".
The natives named the Spanish "Children of the Sun" for their fair complexion and brilliant armours. They decided then to return to Panama to prepare a final expedition.
Before leaving they sailed south through territories they named such as Cabo Blanco, port of Payta, Sechura, Punta de Aguja, Santa Cruz, and Trujillo , reaching the ninth degree south.
In the spring of Pizarro sailed for Spain, where he had an interview with king Charles I. The king heard of his expeditions in lands rich in gold and silver and promised to support him.
Pizarro was then able to convince many friends and relatives to join: Pizarro's third and final expedition left Panama for Peru on 27 December With three ships and one hundred and eighty men they landed near Ecuador and sailed to Tumbes, finding the place destroyed.
They entered the interior and established the first Spanish settlement in Peru , San Miguel de Piura. One of the men returned with an Incan envoy and an invitation for a meeting.
After marching for two months, they approached Atahualpa. He refused the Spanish, however, saying he would "be no man's tributary.
Despite fulfilling his promise of filling one room with gold and two with silver, he was convicted for killing his brother and plotting against Pizarro, and was executed.
In three Portuguese traders accidentally became the first Westerners to reach and trade with Japan.
The expedition set sail on November Urdaneta set sail from San Miguel on the island of Cebu on June 1, , but was obliged to sail as far as 38 degrees North latitude to obtain favourable winds.
He reasoned that the trade winds of the Pacific might move in a gyre as the Atlantic winds did. If in the Atlantic, ships made the Volta do mar to pick up winds that would bring them back from Madeira, then, he reasoned, by sailing far to the north before heading east, he would pick up trade winds to bring him back to North America.
His hunch paid off, and he hit the coast near Cape Mendocino , California, then followed the coast south.
The ship reached the port of Acapulco, on October 8, , having travelled 12, miles 19, kilometres in days. Thus, a cross-Pacific Spanish route was established, between Mexico and the Philippines.
For a long time these routes were used by the Manila galleons , thereby creating a trade link joining China, the Americas, and Europe via the combined trans-Pacific and trans-Atlantic routes.
Nations outside Iberia refused to acknowledge the Treaty of Tordesillas. France, the Netherlands and England each had a long maritime tradition and had been engaging in privateering.
Despite Iberian protections, the new technologies and maps soon made their way north. War between England and Spain also broke out.
The combined empires were simply too big to go unchallenged by European rivals. Philip's troops conquered the important trading cities of Bruges and Ghent.
Antwerp , then the most important port in the world, fell in The Protestant population was given two years to settle affairs before leaving the city.
Those were mainly skilled craftsmen, rich merchants of the port cities and refugees that fled religious persecution, particularly Sephardi Jews from Portugal and Spain and, later, the Huguenots from France.
The Pilgrim Fathers also spent time there before going to the New World. This mass immigration was an important driving force: After the defeat of the Spanish Armada in there was a huge expansion of maritime trade even though the defeat of the English Armada would confirm the naval supremacy of the Spanish navy over the emergent competitors.
The emergence of Dutch maritime power was swift and remarkable: In , Cornelis de Houtman was sent by Dutch merchants to Lisbon, to gather as much information as he could about the Spice Islands.
In , merchant and explorer Jan Huyghen van Linschoten , having travelled widely in the Indian Ocean at the service of the Portuguese, published a travel report in Amsterdam, the "Reys-gheschrift vande navigatien der Portugaloysers in Orienten" "Report of a journey through the navigations of the Portuguese in the East".
That same year Houtman followed this directions in the Dutch first exploratory travel that discovered a new sea route, sailing directly from Madagascar to Sunda Strait in Indonesia and signing a treaty with the Banten Sultan.
Dutch and British interest, fed on new information, led to a movement of commercial expansion, and the foundation of English , and Dutch chartered companies.
Dutch, French, and English sent ships which flouted the Portuguese monopoly, concentrated mostly on the coastal areas, which proved unable to defend against such a vast and dispersed venture.
Spain put limited efforts into exploring the northern part of the Americas, as its resources were concentrated in Central and South America where more wealth had been found.
In , Italian Giovanni da Verrazzano sailed at the behest of Francis I of France , who was motivated by indignation over the division of the world between Portuguese and Spanish.
As a result of his expedition, the Diogo Ribeiro world map outlines the East coast of North America almost perfectly. Europeans explored the Pacific Coast beginning in the midth century.
Francisco de Ulloa explored the Pacific coast of present-day Mexico including the Gulf of California , proving that Baja California was a peninsula.
His account provided the first recorded use of the name "California". After his death the crew continued exploring as far north as Oregon.
The English naval commander Francis Drake sailed along the coast in somewhere north of Cabrillo's landing site—the actual location of Drake's landing was secret and is still undetermined   —and claimed the land for England,  calling it Nova Albion.
The term "Nova Albion" was therefore used on many European maps to designate territory north of the Spanish settlements.
He explored the Hudson River and laid the foundation for Dutch colonization of the region. Hudson's final expedition ranged farther north in search of the Northwest Passage , leading to his discovery of the Hudson Strait and Hudson Bay.
After wintering in the James Bay , Hudson tried to press on with his voyage in the spring of , but his crew mutinied and they cast him adrift.
When it became apparent that there was no route through the heart of the Americas, attention turned to the possibility of a passage through northern waters, which English called the Northwest Passage.
The desire to establish such a route motivated much of the European exploration of both coasts of North America and in Russia.
In Russia the idea of a possible seaway connecting the Atlantic and the Pacific was first put forward by the diplomat Gerasimov in , although Russian settlers on the coast of the White Sea , the Pomors , had been exploring parts of the route as early as the 11th century.
During the voyage across the Barents Sea , Willoughby thought he saw islands to the north, and islands called Willoughby's Land were shown on maps published by Plancius and Mercator into the s.
His ships with the frozen crews, including Captain Willoughby and his journal, were found by Russian fishermen a year later.
They managed to bring it on board, but the bear rampaged and was killed. Barentsz reached the west coast of Novaya Zemlya and followed it northward, before being forced to turn back in the face of large icebergs.
The following year, Prince Maurice of Orange named him chief pilot of a new expedition of six ships, loaded with merchant wares that the Dutch hoped to trade with China.
In , the States-General offered a high reward for anybody who successfully navigated the Northeast Passage. The Town Council of Amsterdam purchased and outfitted two small ships, captained by Jan Rijp and Jacob van Heemskerk , to search for the elusive channel, under the command of Barents.
They set off on May, and on June discovered Bear Island and Spitsbergen , sighting its northwest coast. They saw a large bay, later called Raudfjorden and entered Magdalenefjorden , which they named Tusk Bay , sailing into the northern entrance of Forlandsundet , which they called Keerwyck , but were forced to turn back because of a shoal.
On 28 June they rounded the northern point of Prins Karls Forland , which they named Vogelhoek , on account of the large number of birds, and sailed south, passing Isfjorden and Bellsund , which were labelled on Barentsz's chart as Grooten Inwyck and Inwyck.
The ships once again reached Bear Island on 1 July, which led to a disagreement. They parted ways, with Barentsz continuing northeast, while Rijp headed north.
Barentsz reached Novaya Zemlya and, to avoid becoming entrapped in ice, headed for the Vaigatch Strait but became stuck within the icebergs and floes.
Stranded, the man crew was forced to spend the winter on the ice. Dealing with extreme cold, they used the merchant fabrics to make additional blankets and clothing and caught Arctic foxes in primitive traps, as well as polar bears.
When June arrived, and the ice had still not loosened its grip on the ship, scurvy -ridden survivors took two small boats out into the sea.
Barentsz died at sea on 20 June , while studying charts. It took seven more weeks for the boats to reach Kola where they were rescued by a Russian merchant vessel.
Only 12 crewmen remained, reaching Amsterdam in November. Two of Barentsz' crewmembers later published their journals, Jan Huyghen van Linschoten , who had accompanied him on the first two voyages, and Gerrit de Veer who had acted as the ship's carpenter on the last.
In , Henry Hudson made a second attempt, trying to go across the top of Russia. He made it to Novaya Zemlya but was forced to turn back.
Terra Australis Ignota Latin, "the unknown land of the south" was a hypothetical continent appearing on European maps from the 15th to the 18th centuries, with roots in a notion introduced by Aristotle.
It was depicted on the midth-century Dieppe maps , where its coastline appeared just south of the islands of the East Indies; it was often elaborately charted, with a wealth of fictitious detail.
The discoveries reduced the area where the continent could be found; however, many cartographers held to Aristotle's opinion, like Gerardus Mercator and Alexander Dalrymple even so late as  argued for its existence, with such arguments as that there should be a large landmass in the Southern Hemisphere as a counterweight to the known landmasses in the Northern Hemisphere.
As new lands were discovered, they were often assumed to be parts of this hypothetical continent. Juan Fernandez , sailing from Chile in , claimed he had discovered the Southern Continent.
He represented this to the King of Spain as the Terra Australis incognita. In fact, it was not Australia but an island in present-day Vanuatu. Dutch navigator and colonial governor, Willem Janszoon sailed from the Netherlands for the East Indies for the third time on December 18, , as captain of the Duyfken or Duijfken , meaning "Little Dove" , one of twelve ships of the great fleet of Steven van der Hagen.
Janszoon then crossed the eastern end of the Arafura Sea , without seeing the Torres Strait , into the Gulf of Carpentaria.
On February 26, , he made landfall at the Pennefather River on the western shore of Cape York in Queensland, near the modern town of Weipa.
This is the first recorded European landfall on the Australian continent. Janszoon proceeded to chart some kilometres miles of the coastline, which he thought was a southerly extension of New Guinea.
In — Abel Tasman , also a Dutch explorer and merchant in the service of the VOC, circumnavigated New Holland proving that Australia was not part of the mythical southern continent.
He was the first known European expedition to reach the islands of Van Diemen's Land now Tasmania and New Zealand and to sight the Fiji islands, which he did in Tasman, his navigator Visscher, and his merchant Gilsemans also mapped substantial portions of Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific Islands.
In the midth century the Tsardom of Russia conquered the Tatar khanates of Kazan and Astrakhan , thus annexing the entire Volga Region and opening the way to the Ural Mountains.
The colonization of the new easternmost lands of Russia and further onslaught eastward was led by the rich merchants Stroganovs. Tsar Ivan IV granted vast estates near the Urals as well as tax privileges to Anikey Stroganov , who organized large scale migration to these lands.
Stroganovs developed farming, hunting, saltworks, fishing, and ore mining on the Urals and established trade with Siberian tribes.
By Stroganovs and Yermak came up with the idea of the military expedition to Siberia, in order to fight Kuchum in his own land.
In Yermak began his voyage into the depths of Siberia. After a few victories over the khan's army, Yermak's people defeated the main forces of Kuchum on Irtysh River in a 3-day Battle of Chuvash Cape in The remains of the khan's army retreated to the steppes , and thus Yermak captured the Siberia Khanate , including its capital Qashliq near modern Tobolsk.
Kuchum still was strong and suddenly attacked Yermak in in the dead of night, killing most of his people. Yermak was wounded and tried to swim across the Wagay River Irtysh 's tributary , but drowned under the weight of his own chain mail.
The Cossacks had to withdraw from Siberia completely, but thanks to Yermak's having explored all the main river routes in West Siberia, Russians successfully reclaimed all his conquests just several years later.
In the early 17th century the eastward movement of Russians was slowed by the internal problems in the country during the Time of Troubles.
However, very soon the exploration and colonization of the huge territories of Siberia was resumed, led mostly by Cossacks hunting for valuable furs and ivory.
These were Pomors from the Russian North , who already had been making fur trade with Mangazeya in the north of the Western Siberia for quite a long time.
In the settlement of Turukhansk was founded on the northern Yenisei River , near the mouth of Lower Tunguska , and in Yeniseysky ostrog was founded on the mid-Yenisei at the mouth of the Upper Tunguska.
Between and a group of fur hunters led by Demid Pyanda left Turukhansk and explored some 1, miles 2, kilometres of the Lower Tunguska, wintering in the proximity of the Vilyuy and Lena rivers.
According to later legendary accounts folktales collected a century after the fact , Pyanda discovered the Lena River.
He allegedly explored some 1, miles 2, kilometres of its length, reaching as far as central Yakutia. He returned up the Lena until it became too rocky and shallow, and portaged to the Angara River.
In this way, Pyanda may have become the first Russian to meet Yakuts and Buryats. He built new boats and explored some miles 1, kilometres of the Angara, finally reaching Yeniseysk and discovering that the Angara a Buryat name and Upper Tunguska Verkhnyaya Tunguska, as initially known by Russians are one and the same river.
In Pyotr Beketov was appointed Yenisei voevoda in Siberia. He successfully carried out the voyage to collect taxes from Zabaykalye Buryats, becoming the first Russian to step in Buryatia.
He founded the first Russian settlement there, Rybinsky ostrog. Beketov was sent to the Lena River in , where in he founded Yakutsk and sent his Cossacks to explore the Aldan and farther down the Lena, to found new fortresses, and to collect taxes.
Yakutsk soon turned into a major starting point for further Russian expeditions eastward, southward and northward. Maksim Perfilyev , who earlier had been one of the founders of Yeniseysk, founded Bratsky ostrog on the Angara in , and in he became the first Russian to step into Transbaikalia , travelling there from Yakutsk.
Later Ivanov made the first chart and description of Baikal. In a group of explorers led by Ivan Moskvitin became the first Russians to reach the Pacific Ocean and to discover the Sea of Okhotsk , having built a winter camp on its shore at the Ulya River mouth.
The Cossacks learned from the locals about the large Amur River far to the south. In they apparently sailed south, explored the south-eastern shores of the Okhotsk Sea, perhaps reaching the mouth of the Amur River and possibly discovering the Shantar Islands on their way back.
After wintering, in Poyarkov pushed down the Zeya and became the first Russian to reach the Amur River.
He sailed down the Amur and finally discovered the mouth of that great river from land. Since his Cossacks provoked the enmity of the locals behind, Poyarkov chose a different way back.
They built boats and in sailed along the Sea of Okhotsk coast to the Ulya River and spent the next winter in the huts that had been built by Ivan Moskvitin six years earlier.
In they returned to Yakutsk. A merchant named Fedot Alekseyev Popov organized a further expedition eastward, and Semyon Dezhnyov became a captain of one of the kochi.
In they sailed from Srednekolymsk down to the Arctic and after some time they rounded Cape Dezhnyov , thus becoming the first explorers to pass through the Bering Strait and to discover Chukotka and the Bering Sea.
All their kochi and most of their men including Popov himself were lost in storms and clashes with the natives.
A small group led by Dezhnyov reached the mouth of the Anadyr River and sailed up it in , having built new boats from the wreckage.
They founded Anadyrsk and were stranded there, until Stadukhin found them, coming from Kolyma by land. He also may have explored the western shores of Kamchatka.
This time he was met with armed resistance. He built winter quarters at Albazin , then sailed down Amur and found Achansk, which preceded the present-day Khabarovsk , defeating or evading large armies of Daurian Manchu Chinese and Koreans on his way.
He charted the Amur in his Draft of the Amur river. In he sailed from Anadyr Bay to Cape Dezhnyov. Atop his earlier pioneering charts, Ivanov is credited with creation of the early map of Chukotka and Bering Strait , which was the first to show on paper very schematically the yet undiscovered Wrangel Island , both Diomede Islands and Alaska, based on the data collected from the natives of Chukotka.
So, by the midth century, Russians established the borders of their country close to modern ones, and explored almost the whole of Siberia, except the eastern Kamchatka and some regions north of the Arctic Circle.
The conquest of Kamchatka later would be achieved in the early s by Vladimir Atlasov , while the discovery of the Arctic coastline and Alaska would be completed by the Great Northern Expedition in — European overseas expansion led to the contact between the Old and New Worlds producing the Columbian Exchange ,  named after Columbus.
It involved the transfer of goods unique to one hemisphere to another. Europeans brought cattle, horses, and sheep to the New World, and from the New World Europeans received tobacco, potatoes and maize.
Other items becoming important in global trade were the sugarcane and cotton crops of the Americas, and the gold and silver brought from the Americas not only to Europe but elsewhere in the Old World.
The new trans-oceanic links and their domination by the European powers led to the Age of Imperialism , where European colonial powers came to control most of the planet.
The European appetite for trade, commodities, empire and slaves greatly affected many other areas of the world. Spain participated in the destruction of aggressive empires in the Americas, only to substitute its own, and forcibly replaced the original religions.
The pattern of territorial aggression was repeated by other European empires, most notably the Dutch, Russian, French and British.
Christianity replaced older "pagan" rituals, as were new languages, political and sexual cultures, and in some areas like North America, Australia, New Zealand and Argentina , the indigenous peoples were abused and driven off most of their lands, being reduced to small, dependent minorities.
Similarly, in coastal Africa, local states supplied the appetite of European slave traders , changing the complexion of coastal African states and fundamentally altering the nature of African slavery , causing impacts on societies and economies deep inland.
See Atlantic slave trade. Aboriginal peoples were living in North America at this time and still do today. There were many conflicts between Europeans and Natives.
The Europeans had many advantages over the natives. See Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas.
Maize and manioc were introduced into Africa in the 16th century by the Portuguese. Crosby speculated that increased production of maize, manioc, and other New World crops led to heavier concentrations of population in the areas from which slavers captured their victims.
In the 16th-century economy of China, the Ming Dynasty was stimulated by trade with the Portuguese , Spanish , and Dutch.
China became involved in a new global trade of goods, plants, animals, and food crops known as the Columbian Exchange. Trade with European powers and the Japanese brought in massive amounts of silver, which then replaced copper and paper banknotes as the common medium of exchange in China.
During the last decades of the Ming the flow of silver into China was greatly diminished, thereby undermining state revenues and indeed the entire Ming economy.
This damage to the economy was compounded by the effects on agriculture of the incipient Little Ice Age , natural calamities, crop failure, and sudden epidemics.
The ensuing breakdown of authority and people's livelihoods allowed rebel leaders such as Li Zicheng to challenge Ming authority.
New crops that had come to Asia from the Americas via the Spanish colonizers in the 16th century contributed to the Asia's population growth. This included sweet potatoes , maize , and peanuts, foods that could be cultivated in lands where traditional Chinese staple crops—wheat, millet, and rice—could not grow, hence facilitating a rise in the population of China.
The arrival of the Portuguese to Japan in initiated the Nanban trade period , with the Japanese adopting several technologies and cultural practices, like the arquebus , European-style cuirasses, European ships, Christianity, decorative art, and language.
After the Chinese had banned direct trade by Chinese merchants with Japan, the Portuguese filled this commercial vacuum as intermediaries between China and Japan.
The Portuguese bought Chinese silk and sold it to the Japanese in return for Japanese-mined silver; since silver was more highly valued in China, the Portuguese could then use Japanese silver to buy even larger stocks of Chinese silk.
He taught the Chinese how to construct and play the spinet , translated Chinese texts into Latin and vice versa, and worked closely with his Chinese associate Xu Guangqi — on mathematical work.
As a wider variety of global luxury commodities entered the European markets by sea, previous European markets for luxury goods stagnated.
The Atlantic trade largely supplanted pre-existing Italian and German trading powers which had relied on their Baltic, Russian and Islamic trade links.
The new commodities also caused social change , as sugar, spices, silks and chinawares entered the luxury markets of Europe. The European economic centre shifted from the Mediterranean to Western Europe.
The city of Antwerp , part of the Duchy of Brabant , became "the centre of the entire international economy",  and the richest city in Europe at this time.
Francesco Guicciardini , a Venetian envoy, stated that hundreds of ships would pass Antwerp in a day, and 2, carts entered the city each week.
Portuguese ships laden with pepper and cinnamon would unload their cargo. With many foreign merchants resident in the city and governed by an oligarchy of banker-aristocrats forbidden to engage in trade, the economy of Antwerp was foreigner-controlled, which made the city very international, with merchants and traders from Venice , Ragusa , Spain and Portugal and a policy of toleration, which attracted a large Orthodox Jewish community.
The city experienced three booms during its golden age, the first based on the pepper market, a second launched by New World silver coming from Seville ending with the bankruptcy of Spain in , and a third boom, after the Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis , in , based on the textiles industry.
Despite initial hostilities, by the Portuguese were sending annual trade missions to Shangchuan Island in China. In they managed to convince the Ming court to agree on a legal port treaty that would establish Macau as an official Portuguese trade colony.
From China the major exports were silk and porcelain , adapted to meet European tastes. The Chinese export porcelains were held in such great esteem in Europe that, in English, china became a commonly—used synonym for porcelain.
Kraak porcelain believed to be named after the Portuguese carracks in which it was transported was among the first Chinese ware to arrive in Europe in mass quantities.
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Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. The Voyage Of Discovery: A Historical Introduction To Philosophy 4.
Highly praised by reviewers for its clarity and rich exposition, this history of philosophy text illustrates philosophy as a process and not just a collection of opinions or conclusions.
Lawhead helps students retrace the philosopher's intellectual journey rather than simply giving a report of the results so that the students see how the problems arose.
Thus the philosophe Highly praised by reviewers for its clarity and rich exposition, this history of philosophy text illustrates philosophy as a process and not just a collection of opinions or conclusions.
Thus the philosopher's problem becomes a puzzle which the student has to face. Lawhead uses metaphors, analogies, vivid images, concrete examples, common experiences, and diagrams to bring the abstract issues down to earth and show the practical implications and contemporary relevance of positions.
Published August 29th by Wadsworth Publishing Company first published To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about The Voyage Of Discovery , please sign up.
This question contains spoilers… view spoiler [how can i read it? See 1 question about The Voyage Of Discovery….
Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Sep 28, Matthew rated it it was amazing Recommends it for: Lawhead's History of Philosophy I and Philosophy of Language courses, so take my advise for what it's worth.
Still, I have read this book twice after graduation and used it as as reference on a number of occasions.
The book does a good job of explaining the major philosophers in the Western tradition, their philosophies, and how their ideas related to one another.